Dugout Loop (“The Dugout”)
The Boring Company is proposing to build Dugout Loop, a zero-emissions, high-speed, underground public transportation system from the Los Feliz, East Hollywood, or Rampart Village neighborhoods ("western terminus") to Dodger Stadium in the City of Los Angeles.
The purpose of Dugout Loop is to help reduce traffic in Los Angeles by providing a clean and efficient public transportation option to Dodger Stadium. An operational proof of concept, Dugout Loop will directly benefit the public by complementing existing public transportation systems and transporting baseball fans and concertgoers directly to the Dodger Stadium... in less than 4 minutes!
Where will this tunnel alignment run?
Dugout Loop will begin at the Dodger Stadium property and will proceed under Vin Scully Avenue and Sunset Boulevard. The western terminus will be located on private property owned by The Boring Company and will be located within the vicinity of a Metro Red Line station.
There are three Metro Red Line stations located in the vicinity of the western terminus that will be evaluated in the review process for the proposed project: Vermont/Sunset Station, Vermont/Santa Monica Station, and Vermont/Beverly Station. See map below. Only one of the three station options will be selected.
Will this interfere with the Metro?
Not at all! Dugout Loop does not have any Metro crossings and its western terminus will be close to the Red Line in order to complement the Metro. The Boring Company is coordinating with Metro on a regular basis to ensure project compatibility and utility, and will not begin construction until Metro has fully approved of the plan.
What will be constructed?
Dugout Loop would consist of a single, underground tunnel running from Dodger Stadium to the western terminus. A Loop Lift (see description below) will also be constructed at each terminus. Additionally, up to 6 ventilation/exit shafts would be constructed on private property adjacent to the alignment.
What does it look like inside the tunnel?
The tunnel will connect Dodger Stadium to the western terminus entirely beneath public right-of-way or land owned or leased by The Boring Company. The eastern terminus will be located on privately owned property at or near the Dodger Stadium parking lot.
Following construction of the tunnel, The Boring Company will install the concrete “shelves” which serve as the guideway for the electric skates. Unlike many transportation tunnels, the entire tunnel will be fully illuminated. See image below.
Where will construction occur?
Construction of the tunnel will begin at the Dodger Stadium property. The western terminus and ventilation shafts along the alignment will be constructed on private property adjacent to the alignment.
How long will construction last?
Construction of the tunnel and the two loop lifts is expected to last up to 14 months (likely much less). Construction of the ventilation shafts is expected to take approximately 6 weeks and will be constructed concurrently with development of the tunnel.
What land will this be under?
The tunnel will run beneath public right-of-way and private land owned by The Boring Company. The western terminus will be located on property owned by The Boring Company, and the eastern stadium terminus will be located on privately owned property at or near the Dodger Stadium parking lot.
Is this completely underground?
Yes. The entire tunnel is underground.
Will I see, hear, or feel the tunnel boring machine?
No. When you tunnel below a certain depth (approximately two tunnel boring diameters – or 28 feet in this case), the tunneling process is almost impossible to detect.
How deep will the tunnel be?
The top and bottom of the tunnel will be approximately 30 and 44 feet below the ground surface, respectively; however, in cases where underground infrastructure (e.g. utilities, bridge piles, subterranean pipelines, etc.) exists at greater-than-normal depth, tunnel depth would increase accordingly.
Will there be road closures?
Loop is a zero-emissions, high-speed underground public transportation system in which passengers are transported on autonomous electric skates traveling at 125-150 miles per hour. Electric skates will carry between 8 and 16 passengers. See FAQ for additional information.
How long will the Dugout Loop trip take?
Just under 4 minutes.
How much will a Dugout Loop trip cost?
The fares are not finalized but will cost around $1.
How do I buy a ticket?
Initially, riders will be able to reserve times and purchase Dugout Loop tickets in advance similar to booking seats at a movie theater via a mobile app, over the phone, or in person (e.g. 5:45pm PT Dugout Loop ticket).
What about operating hours?
Dugout Loop operation during games and special events will be event-specific. Generally, transportation from the western terminus to Dodger Stadium will begin prior to event start times; transport from Dodger Stadium to the western terminus will generally commence sometime following the start of the event.
How many people will Dugout Loop transport?
Initially, Dugout Loop will be limited to approximately 1,400 people (approximately 2.5% of Stadium capacity) per event. Based on City and community feedback, it could be possible to increase ridership per game to 2,800 per game or event (5% of Stadium capacity). Between games and events Dugout Loop would transport 250,000 people per year.
How will riders enter and exit the Dugout Loop system?
The Dugout Loop system encourages active transportation users to walk, bike, or utilize existing public transportation systems. The Dugout Loop’s western terminus will be located within the vicinity of existing Metro Red Line, Metro Rapid, and Metro Local stations.
Passengers will load into electric skates, which access the Dugout Loop tunnel from the surface via a ramp or elevator. See images below. The top image illustrates the western terminus and the bottom image illustrates the eastern terminus.
What are Loop Lifts?
Loop Lifts are the surface points at which riders will access the Loop system. Each Loop lift consists of a ramp or elevator that lowers an electric skate into the tunnel.
Loop Lifts will be placed at the Dodger Stadium property and the western terminus, providing a point-to-point transportation system between Dodger Stadium and western terminus.
What are electric skates?
The electric skates are the zero emissions vehicles that can carry 8-16 passengers through the Loop system. The electric skates are based around the Tesla Model X platform and are propelled by multiple electric motors. The use of electric skates allows for a large reduction in tunnel diameter, in addition to:
- Increased safety. A fully stabilized autonomous vehicle eliminates human error and the ability to “swerve off-course.”
- Increased speed. The controlled autonomous skate allows for speeds of 125 - 150 miles per hour in urban settings.
- Eliminating hazardous emissions. Electric skates are zero-emission vehicles, and thus do not output hazardous gases like internal combustion cars do. Every mile the skate transports a gas-burning vehicle becomes a zero-emission mile.
Who is paying for this?
The Boring Company. This project will be 100% privately funded and will require zero taxpayer dollars.
Is this for cars or people?
People. We are prioritizing pedestrians and cyclists.
What about earthquakes?
Tunnels, when designed properly, are known to be one of the safest places to be during an earthquake. From a structural safety standpoint, the tunnel moves uniformly with the ground, in contrast to surface structures. Additionally, a large amount of earthquake damage is caused by falling debris, which does not apply inside tunnels. Some examples:
- 1994 Northridge Earthquake: no damage to LA Subway tunnels
- 1989 Loma Prieta (Northern California) Earthquake: no damage to tunnels, which were then used to transport rescue personnel
- 1985 Mexico City Earthquake: no damage to tunnels, which were then used to transport rescue personnel
How do people evacuate?
Just like subways, Loop has emergency exits along the tunnel route. In an emergency or in a disabled skate scenario:
- The main system halts, and the skates automatically transport people away from the incident and out of the tunnel through the nearest exit.
- In rare cases where this is not possible due to a demobilized skate, passengers may exit the skate and walk to the nearest exit by following Loop’s emergency path lighting. The effective emergency walkway is extremely wide (greater than 10 feet – twice the width of a standard sidewalk).
- There are no tunnel hazards in Loop (e.g., a third rail), so there is nothing a passenger can touch which would hurt them. In the event a passenger needs to pass a disabled skate, the forward and rear doors of the skate open to allow passengers to pass through the skate (via foot or wheelchair). In the unlikely case that the mechanical doors fail, each skate has a deployable platform to allow both pedestrian and wheelchair access to the side of the skate.
What if there's a fire?
The risk of fire is very low in the Loop system, as the tunnel lining is non-flammable (concrete) and no flammable materials (like asphalt) are added. Additionally, there is no live electric “third rail”, minimizing potential fire sources and the effects of any water intrusion. This also limits the fire’s energy to that of the skate’s battery.
In the unlikely case that a fire does occur, the tunnel’s ventilation system will remove the smoke to allow passengers to safely evacuate.
Which government agencies are involved in the process?
A lot! This includes, but is not limited to:
- The City of Los Angeles Bureau of Engineering
- The City of Los Angeles Department of Building and Safety
- The City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning
- Cal/OSHA Mining and Tunneling Unit
- Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro)
What is CEQA?
The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) is a law enacted in 1970 that requires the disclosure of potential environmental effects of proposed activities to the public and decision-makers.
Will you be doing an EIR under CEQA?
Tunneling is much less invasive than construction of alternative transportation methods (e.g. road widening). Nevertheless, The Boring Company and our consultants are working with the City of LA Bureau of Engineering to draft an environmental impact report (EIR), which will identify ways to minimize and avoid impacts to the community.
As part of the CEQA process, the Initial Study (IS) and Notice of Preparation (NOP) for the Dugout Loop process will be available for public review from August 16, 2018 to September 17, 2018. A public scoping meeting will be held at Dodger Stadium, 1000 Vin Scully Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90012, on August 28, 2018 from 6:15 pm to 9:00 pm. Please visit LABOE’s website for more information on the location and availability of the IS for public review. For more information on the location and availability of the IS for public review, please visit LABOE’s website at: http://eng.lacity.org/dugout-loop.
The public will be engaged during this process and all comments will be included in the EIR.
What does the EIR process look like?
In short, the EIR process ensures that relevant agencies and the general public have the opportunity to provide feedback on the overall environmental documentation process. This process begins when the Lead Agency prepares an IS and NOP to notify the public of its intention to account for potential environmental concerns for a proposed project. The IS, which identifies environmental resources to be further studied, is circulated to relevant agencies and the general public for 30 days. At the close of the 30 day review and comment period, the Lead Agency will incorporate the comments received into a Draft EIR. Upon the completion of the Draft EIR, the draft document enters into a public circulation period for 45 days to receive agency and public feedback. At the close of the public circulation period, the Lead Agency prepares a Final EIR which incorporates and addresses the feedback received during the public circulation period. The Board of Public Works will consider the Final EIR and make a recommendation to the Los Angeles City Council to either approve or disapprove the proposed project.
What about the test tunnel under Sepulveda?
Previously, The Boring Company proposed a test tunnel under Sepulveda as a proof of concept for tunneling in Los Angeles. However, this test tunnel proposal did not include passenger operations and included only one surface terminal (as opposed to two). The Boring Company has made technical progress much faster than expected and has decided to make its first tunnel in Los Angeles an operational one, hence Dugout Loop!
The Boring Company is excited to build useful public transportation tunnels in Los Angeles, including by Sepulveda, and is exploring concepts for potential future alignments. One initial conceptual idea is a tunnel connection between Metro’s Purple and Expo lines.
How can I get more information or submit feedback?
We are eager to work with the community to gather feedback on Dugout Loop. Comments, questions, and suggestions can be emailed to email@example.com. We will expand this project page over time to reflect the questions received.
All comments related to the City of LA’s environmental review process should be directed to:Jan.Green.Rebstock@lacity.org.